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What is a Fund flow statement: Meaning, Importance, Objectives, Format 2017

Learn Everything about What is a Fund flow statement with Meaning, Importance, Objectives, Format 2017 in both PDF as well as Excel format, How to Prepare/make a Fund flow statement with step by step guide and Example, difference between a Cash flow and Funds Flow statement and much more.

 

What is Fund Flow Statement: Definition & Meaning

It’s a statement prepared to analyze reasons for changes in two balance sheet periods in the financial position of the company. It presents the inflow and outflow of funds in an understandable manner.  In short, it a fund flow statements is prepared to explain changes between the working capital of the company from one balance sheet date to another.

It is nothing but plotting of inflow and outflow methods of fund.

The inflow of funds is through two manners:

  1. Long term inflow through issue of shares or issue of other securities
  2. Funds from operations

If the long term requirements of the firm are fulfilled just by an issue of shares or other securities, then funds generated operations will reflect the increase in working capital during the period. However, if funds from operations are not sufficient to fund the working capital requirements, there will be a decrease in working capital.

Cash Flow Statement V/S Fund Flow Statement

Now, you may think that what is the difference cash flow and fund flow statement, as both the statements appear to be similar in nature to each other.  Here are some of the points that differentiate cash flow statements from fund flow statements.

 

  1. In cash flow only items affecting cash and cash equivalents are considered. While in the case of fund flow, which is prepared on accrual accounting system.
  2. Fund flow statements analyze the application of funds and sources of funds from Long term sources and changes in working capital is considered. At the same time, in the case of cash flow statements, changes in current assets and current liabilities is considered while preparation.
  3. Fund flow statement is more useful in case of long term financial planning, while cash flow can be used to identify and correct the liquidity problems.
  4. Fund Flow Statements in nothing but reconciliation of funds generated from various sources and there application. As compared, cash flow statements starts from opening  balance of cash and cash equivalent and tallies with cash and cash equivalent at the end of period.

 

Fund flow statement

How to prepare Fund flow Statement

Now, you might be thinking, how we can prepare fund flow statement. Here is the solution to your question…..

Here is the exact step by step process which will help you to for a fund flow statement of your business in the most suitable way –

Step 1:

Prepare Statement of changes in working capital. There may be many reasons for changes in working capital like Purchase of Fixed assets without raising corresponding long-term funds/ sale of fixed assets without corresponding long-term purchases/ sale of investments/ purchase of long-term investments from bank balance/ Repayment of the loan, etc.

 

Step 2:

 

Prepare fund flow from operations. Fund flow from operations is similar to that of cash flow from operations. It should not contain any items from investing/ financing activities. Same needs to be prepared as follows:

 

Particulars Amount
Net Income xxx
Add:
Depreciation of assets xxx
Amortization of assets xxx
Loss on sale of investments xxx
Loss on sale of fixed assets xxx
Losses from other non-operating operations xxx
Dividend xxx
Interest expense xxx
Less:
Dividend income xxx
Interest Income xxx
Profit on sale of investments xxx
Profit on sale of fixed assets xxx
Profit from other non-operating operations xxx
Net fund flow from operations xxx

 

Step 3:

Preparation of fund flow statement:

While preparing fund flow statement, the sources and uses of the fund are to be disclosed so that it highlights the sources from where funds are generated and areas in which they are spent.

 

Download flow Statement Download

Find the sample format of fund flow statement below –

Download Fund flow statement in Excel format

Fund flow statement in excel file format

 

Download Fund flow statement in PDF format

Fund Flow Statement in PDF format

 

Fund flow statement

 

 

Importance & Benefits of fund flow Statement

  1. Fund flow statement is very useful for long-term analysis. As the fund flow statements provides information that is not provided by the balance sheet and profit and loss account, like reasons for changes in working capital and application and sources of generation of funds. Hence, fund flow statement is useful tool in the hands of management to analyze the financial status of the company.

Fund flow answers the following questions:

  1. Where have the profits gone?
  2. Why there is an imbalance in existing liquidity position and profit position of an enterprise?
  3. Why is the business concern financially solid in spite of losses?

 

2. The fund flow statement analysis helps the management to keep a check whether working capital has been adequately utilized or not. Also, in addition, the status of working capital is crucial in the case of declaration of dividend, etc.

 

Benefits of preparation of Changes in working capital:

The statement of changes in working capital (fund) is prepared by taking the current account balances from the balance sheet. It is prepared for the period for which funds flow is being analyzed which is the accounting period.

It provides us the information relating to change in the values of the various current account balances by comparing the balance as on the first day (opening balance) with the balance on the last day (closing balance) of that period.

The aggregate value of the changes in the current accounts would give us the net change in working capital (fund) over the period.

Funds flow analysis not possible from the Statement of changes in Working Capital

From the statement of changes in working capital, we can only say that there is a change in the fund (working capital) on account of a change in so and so current account balance.The statement only provides the information relating to the magnitude of the fund before and after the flow along with the magnitude of change in the fund.

Funds flow analysis involves analyzing the flow i.e. finding the reasons for the flow. This involves dealing with the actual transactions that have caused the flow.

The statement of changes in working capital does not provide any information relating to the actual transactions that have caused that change.

For analyzing Funds Flow we need additional information

Cross transactions are the reason for funds flow.Of all the accounting transactions that have brought about a change in the current accounts, only cross transactions would be relevant in analyzing funds flow.

To analyse funds flow using the information relevant to current accounts, we need to consider all the accounting transactions that have affected current accounts and from among them, we need to identify the cross transactions which have also brought about a change in the fund (working capital).

Minimizing the effort

Cross transaction involves a current account and a non-current account. Cross transactions are all that we need to be able to analyse funds flow.The magnitude of accounting transactions involving non-current accounts is far lesser compared to the accounting transactions involving current accounts.

Therefore, in analyzing funds flow we try to identify the cross transactions using the changes in non-current accounts.

 

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About Abhishek Londhe

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